Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres, Bulgaria ranks as Europe's 15th-largest country. Bulgaria's location has defined it as a historical crossroad for various civilisations and the home of some of the world's most ancient cultural artifacts.
Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and has been a member of the UN Security Council three times. It is a unitary state with a high degree of political, administrative and economic centralisation, and is a free country.
Bulgaria is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Southeast Europe. Tourism, has been an important source of economic growth.Tourists from three countries - Greece, Romania and Germany - account for 40% of visitors. New types of tourism, including cultural, architectural and historic tours, eco-tourism, and adventure tours, are expanding the range of visitor experiences. The tourist industry, especially on the seaside, continues to suffer from construction works, poor handling of visitors, poor advertisement and low bed occupancy.
The Bulgarian summer resorts along the Black Sea coast, include destinations, such as the summer resorts: Sozopol, Nessebur, Golden Sands, Sunny Beach, Sveti Vlas, Albena and Saints Constantine and Helena. Some guests, such as the Germans, Russians or Scandinavians favour the summer beach resorts, while winter tourism, and the ski resorts, are the favorites of the British.
Winter tourist centres, such as Borovetz, Bansko, Pamporovo and Vitosha are picturesque and popular ski resorts.
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