On the banks of the river , 250 km south of Belgrade on Corridor 10, which connects the north and south of the country is the city of Niš . With 250 000 inhabitants is the third largest city in Serbia . It occupies an area of 597 square kilometers and is the commercial and administrative and cultural center of the Southeastern District. The city is located at 194 meters above sea level and is characterized by a temperate continental climate with an average temperature of 11 C.
Niš to the environment , has always represented an important transportation seat geogravski position is this city in Roman times ensured significant strategic points . 140 were recorded, the Niš one of the four largest cities in the province of Dardania .
Over the centuries Niš was part of many states and empires , Celts , Greeks , Huns , Hungarians , Bulgarians , Roman , Byzantine , Ottoman Empire. Due to its geographical location was an important center in the imperial road , the road that connected Europe and Asia Minor .
The Roman emperor Constantine the Great was born in Nis. During his rule, Niš has experienced economic, political and cultural prosperity. Median addition , a significant archaeological site , date from this period and the early Christian basilica with Martyrium .
One of the hallmarks of Nis and Nis fortress built by the Turks in the 18th century and is one of the most beautiful and best preserved fortresses in the Balkans . Due to its geographical location , rich cultural - historical heritage , close to Niska Banja and Nis number of events is an important tourist center in this part of Serbia .
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